Publications and Peer Reviewed Articles 

Peer Reviewed Publications


Prugh, L.R., Cunningham, C.X., Windell, R.M., Kerston, B.K., Ganz, T.R., Walker, S.L., & Wirsing, A.J. (2023). Fear of large carnivores amplifies human-caused mortality for mesopredators. Science, 380(6646):754-758.

Bassing, S. B., DeVivo, M., Ganz, T. R., Kertson, B. N., Prugh, L. R., Roussin, T., Satterfield, L. , Windell, R. M.,  Wirsing, A. J., & Gardner, B. (2022). Are we telling the same story? Comparing inferences made from camera trap and telemetry data for wildlife monitoring. Ecological Applications, 33(1): e2745.

Windell, R.M., Bailey, L., Young, J., Livieri, T., Eads, D., & Breck, S. (2021). Improving evaluation of nonlethal tools for carnivore management and conservation: evaluating fladry to protect an endangered species from a generalist mesocarnivore. Animal Conservation. PDF.

Windell, R.M., Lewis, J., Gramza, A., & Crooks, K. (2019). Carnivore carrying behavior as documented with wildlife camera traps. Western North American Naturalist, 79(4): 471-480. PDF.

Vanbianchi, C., Gaines, W.L., Murphy, M.A., & Hodges, K.E. (2018). Navigating fragmented landscapes: Canada lynx brave poor quality habitats while traveling. Ecology and Evolution, 8(22): 11293-11308. PDF.

Much (Windell), R.M., Breck, S., Lance, N., & Callahan, P. (2018). An ounce of prevention: Quantifying the effects of non-lethal tools on wolf behavior. Applied Animal Behavior Science, 203: 73-80. PDF.

Vanbianchi, C., Gaines, W.L., Murphy, M.A., Pither, J., & Hodges, K.E. (2017). Habitat selection by Canada lynx: Making due in heavily fragmented landscapes.  Biodiversity and Conservation, 26(14): 3343-3361. PDF.

Vanbianchi, C., Murphy, M.A., & Hodges, K.E. (2017). Canada lynx use of burned areas: Conservation implications of changing fire regimes. Ecology and Evolution, 7(7): 2382-2394. PDF.

Johnson, H., Lewis, D., Verzuh, T. Wallace, C., Much (Windell), R.M., Willmarth, L., & Breck, S. (2017). Human Development and Climate Affect Hibernation in a Large Carnivore with Implications for Human-Carnivore Conflict. Journal of Applied Ecology, 55(2): 663-672. PDF.

In Review

Windell R.M., Bailey, L., Livieri, T., Eads, D., Biggins, D., & Breck, S. In review. Coyote use of prairie dog colonies is most frequent in areas used by American badgers. Journal of Mammalogy. 

Malesis, A., Windell, R.M., Vanbianchi, C., & Prugh, L. R. In review. A scavenger’s paradise: Coyotes take advantage of ungulate carrion subsidies as wolves recolonize Washington. Canadian Journal of Zoology.

In preparation

Moskowitz, D.E., Machowicz, A.C., Scrafford, M.A., Naveau, P., Rose, J.N., & Williams, S. In prep. Wolverine identification from photographs of snow tracks in North America. 

Machowicz, A.C., Windell, R.M., Reese, E., & Prugh, L. In prep. Factors of field observer reliability in species identification of carnivore scat. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 

Cunningham, C.X., Windell, R.M., Wirsing, A.J., Newson, T.M., Ganz, T.R., & Prugh, L.R. Navigating the risks and rewards of scavenging in multi-predator, human-impacted landscapes. Ecology. 


Machowicz, A.C., Vanbianchi, C., Windell, R.M. Recreation and Wildlife in Washington: Considerations for Conservation. A report on current knowledge. Produced in partnership with Conservation Northwest, August 2022. 

Hoffman, C.M., Machowicz, A.C., Windell, R.M. Methow Valley Community Bear Assessment. Produced in partnership with Defenders of Wildlife, April 2024. 

Popular Articles 

Windell, R.M. (2019, February 14). How to keep the fox out of the chicken coop. Modern Farmer.